At Carfield, we know that geography is essential in ensuring that children understand the world in which they live. As pupils progress, they will increase their knowledge of the world as well as their place in it. Geography is an investigative subject and therefore our curriculum will encourage children’s curiosity and fascination about the world, giving them the enquiry skills they need to find out more. It promotes their understanding of diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes. Our geography curriculum is ambitious, broad and balanced for all pupils including those with SEN and/or disabilities.

Geography lessons are underpinned by our Geography Key Concepts or ‘Big Ideas’ in order to not only provide children with knowledge but also develop geographical skills, allowing them to know more; do more and understand more. Geography units are planned to ensure that lessons build upon the Big Ideas and that units always work towards children developing this knowledge and skills.


Children have a broad and coherent knowledge of the location of a wide range of cities, countries and localities across the globe and can use different types of maps to identify these.

Children can use a range of geographical resources to give descriptions of the characteristic features of locations, describing their human and physical geography in detail.


Children have a strong knowledge of key physical processes and understand how these can impact the geography of the places in which they occur.

Children understand how the human and physical geography of a location affects how people live their lives and how geographical changes impact communities and ways of life.

Children understand how human processes can impact our planet in both positive and negative ways and understand that this impact may be irreversible.


Children have learned about a wide range of people, places and communities – including those which are similar to their school community as well as those which are not – and are able to compare and contrast these.

Children’s knowledge of British and World geography expands their knowledge and understanding of the world beyond their school community, gives them an appreciation of other cultures and makes them curious to find out more about the world and how other people live.


Our geography scheme of work is based upon the requirements set out in the framework of the 2014 National Curriculum, and follows a one-year programme. During pupils’ time at Carfield, topics are sequenced to ensure that all national curriculum expectations are met and that children build on prior learning and ascertain both the necessary skills and knowledge they need to meet end points.   

The Carfield Curriculum Map outlines the geography topics taught throughout a child’s time at Carfield. Each term, all year groups carry out half a term of geography lessons with the half term being dedicated to history. In Autumn and Spring, all year groups cover two geography topics linked to their wider learning in history whereas in Summer, all year groups cover fieldwork skills. 

Teachers use medium-term plans created by the geography subject leader in order to ensure that there is clear progression as the children move through school. Lessons and units of work are carefully sequenced to build on prior learning and to ensure that learning is revisited regularly. Lessons are planned and sequenced to ensure that learning builds towards clearly-identified end points. Knowledge organisers are used for geography so that children can refer to these regularly in order to consolidate key knowledge and vocabulary. 

Each geography lesson links to at least one of the Big Ideas (location, impact, diversity) and this is shared with the children at the start of each session. These big ideas encompass our aims at Carfield and teach the children what is takes to be a successful geographer. By regularly referencing these big ideas we are teaching the children to evaluate their own learning and to make sure that they know what success looks like in geography and what they need to do to improve.  

Enrichment opportunities are planned for each project – which might include trips, visitors into school and theme days. The diverse and vibrant area around the school means that some children already come to Carfield with knowledge of how important it is to look after our environment and what it means to ‘live sustainably’ and this is encouraged through our ‘Impact’ big idea and weeks like Earth Week in school. The work done by the school Eco-Squad and Junior Leadership Team also add to this have developed more sustainable processes in school. 

Every teacher is a teacher of special educational needs. Therefore we endeavour, as a team, to meet the needs of each individual through reasonable adjustments and targeted approaches, as per the SEND code of practice. All of which is done in collaboration with pupils, parents, staff and where appropriate external services. For those children with SEN and/or disabilities, we ensure they have the support that they require according to their individual needs in order to access and achieve in geography. We remove barriers, make reasonable adjustments, adapt and personalise learning opportunities and use aids in order to maximise potential. We are committed to ensuring that all barriers to learning are overcome without compromising progress, quality of learning, access to the curriculum or equipment. 


Our geography curriculum at Carfield will ensure that children leave us being able to understand the key themes of what it is to be a successful geographer and how this links to other subjects and topics. They will leave school with sufficient knowledge and skills to succeed in geography in the next stage of their education. Carfield pupils will understand the impact that they have on the planet and be able to articulate how important it is to live sustainably. Children will also be left with the desire to travel and explore our diverse world, to protect and secure this for future generations. Our geography curriculum prepares pupils with SEND for the next stage of their geography education.